A solar thermal power plant is a type of power generation facility that uses the heat from the sun to produce electricity. Unlike photovoltaic (PV) solar panels, which convert sunlight directly into electricity, solar thermal power plants use mirrors or lenses to focus sunlight onto a receiver, which absorbs the heat and uses it to generate steam. The steam then drives a turbine to generate electricity. There are different types of solar thermal power plants, but they generally work by using large arrays of mirrors or lenses to concentrate sunlight onto a receiver, which is typically a large, insulated chamber filled with a fluid that can be heated by the sun's rays. The fluid can be a liquid, such as water or oil, or a gas, such as air or nitrogen. As the fluid is heated, it expands and creates steam, which is used to turn a turbine connected to a generator to produce electricity. The steam is then condensed back into a liquid and returned to the receiver to be heated again. Some
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